The governmentâs plans for a post-Brexit scheme to support British farming are based on little more than âblind optimismâ and risk increasing the UKâs reliance on food imports, a parliamentary inquiry has warned.
The EUâs scheme of subsidies â known as the common agricultural policy (CAP) and worth Â£3bn-a-year to UK farmers â was one of the long-running complaints of Eurosceptics, who saw the ability of Britain to draw up its own scheme of payments as one of the major benefits of Brexit. Ministers had said the new scheme would be used to increase the environmental benefits of agriculture.
However, MPs on the powerful cross-party public accounts committee (PAC) found there remained a crippling lack of detail around the environmental land management schemes (ELMs) designed to replace EU payments. They said that by the governmentâs own admission, âits confidence in the scheme looks like blind optimismâ. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) had given no explanation of how the new schemeâs impact on English farmers would be mitigated, warning that some would see their income from direct payments reduce by more than half by 2024-25.
Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, the Tory deputy chair of PAC and a long-term Brexit supporter, said there were still âno clear plansâ to replace CAP, more than five years after the EU referendum. He warned some small farms on âwafer-thin marginsâ could go out of business.
âFarmers, especially the next generation who we will depend on to achieve our combined food production and environmental goals, have been left in the dark. It is simply wrong that Defraâs own failures of business planning should undermine the certainty crucial to a critical national sector,â he said.
âThe UK is also already a large net importer of food and we heard in evidence that the ELMsâ vague ambition to âmaximise the value to society of the landscapeâ may in reality mean that that increases further. The recent energy price crisis should be a salutary warning of the potential risks to the availability and affordability of food if the UK becomes even more reliant on imports.â
The new scheme aims to supply âpublic money for public goodsâ, with farmers funded to restore nature, nurture the soil, improve air and water quality, and provide habitats for wildlife through ELMs. The National Farmersâ Union, however, said the report should mark a âwake-up callâ for the government and said farmers had been left in an untenable position through a lack of information.
âWe have considerable concerns that not all farmers will be able to get involved,â said Tom Bradshaw, the unionâs vice-president. âThe government has still not made clear how food production fits in with its proposed new schemes. This must be addressed now, if they expect farmers to join. As the PAC highlights, we could simply end up increasing imports of food produced to lower environmental standards.
âItâs crucial Defra carries out and publishes the results of impact assessments to understand the true impact of the proposed changes, something we have repeatedly asked for but has not been forthcoming.â
Dustin Benton, policy director at the Green Alliance environmental thinktank, said it was not clear that the new scheme would help the government meet its own climate and nature targets. âWe need ministers to say how ELMs will add up to achieving net zero carbon and restoring nature so farmers can plan their businesses,â he said. âWithout this, the governmentâs promised green Brexit looks increasingly out of sight.â
Doug Parr, Greenpeace UKâs chief scientist, said the scheme could have unintended consequences for consumers and the planet: âThe big danger is that we end up with an even more divided two-tier food system, where cheaper food from abroad, with huge environmental costs, replaces food that could be grown in nature-friendly ways here.â
âWorking in this way is inefficient, unhelpful to UK land managers and increases the potential of perverse outcomes, such as driving increased deforestation abroad,â he said.
George Eustice, the environment secretary, said: âWe disagree with many of the points made by the committee which fail to take account of recent developments. Farm incomes have improved significantly since the UK voted to leave the EU in 2016 and there will never be a better time to improve the way we reward farmers.
âIn December, I set out comprehensive details of the sustainable farming Incentive including full payment rates and we published an in-depth analysis of UK food security and agricultural output. In the past week weâve shared further details of the local nature recovery and landscape recovery schemes and announced a major increase in payment rates for those farmers involved in existing agri-environment schemes.â